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- PublicaciónLong-term airborne particle pollution assessment in the city of Coyhaique, Patagonia, Chile(2022) Solís, Rafael; Toro A., Richard; Gómez, Luis; Vélez-Pereira, Andrés M.; López, Manuela; Fleming, Zöe; Fierro, Nicolás; Leiva G., ManuelAn air pollution assessment in a small city located in the heart of Chilean Patagonia is presented. Seven years (2014–2020) of PM concentration levels retrieved from two monitoring stations permits an evaluation of the city’s pollution variability, the effect of meteorological variables and long-term trends of air pollution. The highest PM concentration levels observed during the coldest months are mainly related to an increasing emission associated with the intensive use of firewood for residential heating and cooking. The most polluted days are associated with low temperatures, low wind speed and high PM2.5/PM10 ratios, which is consistent with the predominance of local firewood sources over background emissions. A decrease in both PM fractions over time has been estimated (PM10: -4.1, CI99%: − 5.7 to − 2.9 and PM2.5: -2.2, CI99%: − 3.5 to − 1.3 μg m− 3 year− 1 ). However, the annual average PM mass concentrations in Coyhaique exceeded both national and international air quality thresholds. The city reported a percent of annual exceedances of the daily WHO guidelines of 57% for PM10 and 77% for PM2.5. These numbers highlight the serious air pollution problem of the city of Coyhaique, which exhibits air pollution levels comparable to those of many polluted megacities in the world.