Urban planning: historical changes integrating bushfire risk management in Victoria
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Bushfires represent an increasing risk for people and properties in exposed urban areas. The integration of bushfire risk management considerations into urban planning is one of the approaches used to address this challenge. This paper summarises the key changes in urban planning and building regulations that were introduced in Victoria over time to minimise the effects of bushfire on settlements. These have generally occurred within four main eras, being the independent origins of planning and bushfire risk management, the progressive emergence of bushfire risk management into urban planning between the late 1970s and the early 1990s, the formalisation of bushfire risk management via urban planning with the Wildfire Management Overlay in 1997 and the 2011 reforms associated with the Bushfire Management Overlay and its following adjustments. Advancements in urban planning regulation have usually occurred after bushfire events that inflicted significant losses on communities. These changes represent an ongoing trend towards the integration of bushfire risk reduction measures into urban planning mechanisms.
Urban planning , Bushfires risk
González-Mathiesen, Constanza; March, Alan; Leonard, Justin; Holland, Mark;Blanchi, Raphaele(2019). Urban planning: historical changes integrating bushfire risk management in Victoria. In: Journal of Emergency Management • Volume 34, No. 3, July 2019