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Guías basadas en la evidencia para el uso de traqueostomía en el paciente crítico

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dc.contributor.author Raimondi, N
dc.contributor.author Vial, MR
dc.contributor.author Calleja, J
dc.contributor.author Quintero, A
dc.contributor.author Cortes Alban, A
dc.contributor.author Celis, E
dc.contributor.author Pacheco, C
dc.contributor.author Ugarte, S
dc.contributor.author Añón, José María
dc.contributor.author Hernandez, G
dc.contributor.author Vidal, E
dc.contributor.author Chiappero, G
dc.contributor.author Rios, F
dc.contributor.author Castilleja, F
dc.contributor.author Matos, A
dc.contributor.author Rodríguez, E
dc.contributor.author Antoniazzi, Paulo
dc.contributor.author Teles, JM
dc.contributor.author Dueñas, C
dc.contributor.author Sinclair, J
dc.contributor.author Martínez, L
dc.contributor.author von der Osten, I
dc.contributor.author Vergara, J
dc.contributor.author Jimenez, E
dc.contributor.author Arroyo, M
dc.contributor.author Rodríguez, C
dc.contributor.author Torres, J
dc.contributor.author Fernández‐Bussy, Sebastián
dc.contributor.author Nates, JL
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-28T15:46:21Z
dc.date.available 2017-08-28T15:46:21Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Med Intensiva. 2017 Mar;41(2):94-115
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11447/1606
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medin.2016.12.001
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES: Provide evidence based guidelines for tracheostomy in critically ill adult patients and identify areas needing further research. METHODS: A task force composed of representatives of 10 member countries of the Pan-American and Iberic Federation of Societies of Critical and Intensive Therapy Medicine and of the Latin American Critical Care Trial Investigators Network developed recommendations based on the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system. RESULTS: The group identified 23 relevant questions among 87 issues that were initially identified. In the initial search, 333 relevant publications were identified of which 226 publications were chosen. The task force generated a total of 19 recommendations: 10 positive (1B=3, 2C=3, 2D=4) and 9 negative (1B=8, 2C=1). A recommendation was not possible in six questions. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous techniques are associated with a lower risk of infections compared to surgical tracheostomy. Early tracheostomy only seems to reduce the duration of ventilator use but not the incidence of pneumonia, the length of stay, or the long-term mortality rate. The evidence does not support the use of routine bronchoscopy guidance or laryngeal masks during the procedure. Finally, proper prior training is as important or even a more significant factor in reducing complications than the technique used.
dc.format.extent 22
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.subject Clinical guides
dc.subject Consensus
dc.subject Critical patient
dc.subject Intensive care unit
dc.subject Intensive treatment unit
dc.subject Percutaneous
dc.subject Tracheostomy
dc.title Guías basadas en la evidencia para el uso de traqueostomía en el paciente crítico
dc.title.alternative Evidence-based guides in tracheostomy use in critical patients
dc.type Artículo


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