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Evaluación de la “paradoja latina” en Chile utilizando datos de la encuesta de salud de 2006

Show simple item record Cabieses, Báltica Tunstall, Helena Pickett, Kate 2017-03-03T17:41:35Z 2017-03-03T17:41:35Z 2013
dc.identifier.citation Revista Médica de Chile 2013, vol.141, p.1255-1265
dc.description.abstract Background: Several studies in high-income countries report better health status of immigrants compared to the local population (“healthy migrant” effect), regardless of their socioeconomic deprivation. This is known as the Latino paradox. Aim: To test the Latino paradox within Latin America by assessing the health of international immigrants to Chile, most of them from Latin American countries, and comparing them to the Chilean-born. Material and Methods: Secondary data analysis of the population-based CASEN survey-2006. Three health outcomes were included: disability, illness/accident, and cancer/chronic condition (dichotomous). Demographics (age, sex, marital status, urban/rural, ethnicity), socioeconomic-status (SES: educational level, employment status and household income per-capita), and material standards (overcrowding, sanitation, housing quality). Crude and adjusted weighted regression models were performed. Results: One percent of Chile’s population were immigrants, mainly from other Latin American countries. A “healthy migrant” effect appeared within the total immigrant population: this group had a significantly lower crude prevalence of almost all health indicators than the Chilean-born, which remained after adjusting for various demographic characteristics. However, this effect lost significance when adjusting by SES for most outcomes. The Latino paradox was not observed for international immigrants compared to the local population in Chile. Also, health of immigrants with the longest time of residency showed similar health rates to the Chilean-born. Conclusions: The Latino paradox was not observed in Chile. Protecting low SES immigrants in Chile could have large positive effects in their health at arrival and over time.
dc.format.extent 11
dc.language.iso spa
dc.publisher Sociedad Médica de Santiago
dc.subject Emigrants and inmigrants
dc.subject Health status
dc.subject Human migration
dc.subject Population
dc.subject Socioeconomic factors
dc.title Evaluación de la “paradoja latina” en Chile utilizando datos de la encuesta de salud de 2006
dc.title.alternative Testing the Latino paradox in Latin America: A population-based study of Intra-regional immigrants in Chile
dc.type Artículo

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