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Defect-specific rectocele repair: medium-term anatomical, functional and subjective outcomes.

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dc.contributor.author Guzmán, Rodrigo
dc.contributor.author Kamisan, Ixora
dc.contributor.author Shek, Ka Lai
dc.contributor.author Dietz, Hans
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-23T16:30:34Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-23T16:30:34Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Australian & New Zealand Joural of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, October 2015, vol.55, n°5, p.487-492
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11447/310
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajo.12347
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Rectocele is a herniation of the anterior wall of the rectal ampulla through a defect in the rectovaginal septum causing protrusion of the posterior vaginal wall. Common symptoms include symptoms of prolapse and obstructed defecation. AIMS: To describe subjective, anatomical and functional results of defect-specific rectocele repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an internal audit of 137 women who underwent defect-specific rectocele repair. Pre- and post-operative assessment included a standardised interview, clinical examination and 3D/4D transperineal ultrasound. Outcome measures were symptoms of obstructed defecation, recurrent prolapse symptoms, clinical posterior compartment recurrence and rectocele recurrence on ultrasound. RESULTS: At a mean follow-up of 1.4 years, 117 (85%) of women considered themselves cured or improved. Thirty-four (25%) complained of recurrent prolapse symptoms and 47 (34%) symptoms of obstructed defecation, a significant reduction (P < 0.0001). Clinical recurrence (Bp ≥ -1) was seen in 19 women (14%) and recurrence on ultrasound in 27 (20%). The mean depth of recurrence was 16.6 mm (10.3-25.1). We tested multiple potential predictors of recurrence, including age, BMI, vaginal parity, previous hysterectomy and/or prolapse surgery, follow-up time, pre-operative clinical and ultrasound findings. Only hiatal area on Valsalva (OR 0.95 for sonographic recurrence, P = 0.01) and enterocele (for clinical and sonographic recurrence, OR 4.03, P = 0.01 and OR 2.72, P = 0.02, respectively) reached significance. CONCLUSION: Defect-specific rectocele repair is effective both in restitution of normal anatomy and in resolving prolapse and obstructed defecation symptoms at a mean follow-up of 1.4 years.
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists by Wiley
dc.subject 3D/4D ultrasound
dc.subject Obstructed defecation
dc.subject Prolapse
dc.subject Rectocele
dc.subject Transperineal ultrasound
dc.title Defect-specific rectocele repair: medium-term anatomical, functional and subjective outcomes.
dc.type Artículo


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