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Anal sphincter trauma and anal incontinence in urogynecological patients

Show simple item record Guzmán, Rodrigo Kamisan, Ixora Shek, Ka Lai Dietz, Hans 2016-05-17T13:40:50Z 2016-05-17T13:40:50Z 2015
dc.identifier.citation ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of evidence of residual obstetric anal sphincter injury, to evaluate its association with anal incontinence (AI) and to establish minimal diagnostic criteria for significant (residual) external anal sphincter (EAS) trauma. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of ultrasound volume datasets of 501 patients attending a tertiary urogynecological unit. All patients underwent a standardized interview including determination of St Mark's score for those presenting with AI. Tomographic ultrasound imaging (TUI) was used to evaluate the EAS and the internal anal sphincter (IAS). RESULTS: Among a total of 501 women, significant EAS and IAS defects were found in 88 and 59, respectively, and AI was reported by 69 (14%). Optimal prediction of AI was achieved using a model that included four abnormal slices of the EAS on TUI. IAS defects were found to be less likely to be associated with AI. In a multivariable model controlling for age and IAS trauma, the presence of at least four abnormal slices gave an 18-fold (95% CI, 9-36; P < 0.0001) increase in the likelihood of AI, compared with those with fewer than four abnormal slices. Using receiver-operating characteristics curve statistics, this model yielded an area under the curve of 0.86 (95% CI, 0.80-0.92). CONCLUSIONS: Both AI and significant EAS trauma are common in patients attending urogynecological units, and are strongly associated with each other. Abnormalities of the IAS seem to be less important in predicting AI. Our data support the practice of using, as a minimal criterion, defects present in four of the six slices on TUI for the diagnosis of significant EAS trauma.
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.subject 3D/4D ultrasound
dc.subject Anal incontinence
dc.subject Anal sphincter
dc.subject Anal sphincter trauma
dc.subject Fecal incontinence
dc.title Anal sphincter trauma and anal incontinence in urogynecological patients
dc.type Artículo

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