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Pathophysiological Basis of Acute Respiratory Failure on Non-Invasive Mechanical Ventilation

Show simple item record Romero, C Budini, H Cerpa, D Caceres, D Hidalgo, V Gutierrez, T Keymer, Juan Perez, R Molina, J Giuliano, C 2018-04-19T15:05:13Z 2018-04-19T15:05:13Z 2015
dc.identifier.citation Open Respir Med J. 2015 Jun 26;9:97-103
dc.description.abstract Noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) was created for patients who needed noninvasive ventilator support, this procedure decreases the complications associated with the use of endotracheal intubation (ETT). The application of NIMV has acquired major relevance in the last few years in the management of acute respiratory failure (ARF), in patients with hypoxemic and hypercapnic failure. The main advantage of NIMV as compared to invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) is that it can be used earlier outside intensive care units (ICUs). The evidence strongly supports its use in patients with COPD exacerbation, support in weaning process in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE), and Immunosuppressed patients. On the other hand, there is poor evidence that supports the use of NIMV in other pathologies such as pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and during procedures as bronchoscopy, where its use is still controversial because the results of these studies are inconclusive against the decrease in the rate of intubation or mortality.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher Bentham Science Publishers
dc.subject Acute pulmonary edema
dc.subject COPD
dc.subject acute respiratory failure
dc.subject immunosuppress patients
dc.subject non-invasive ventilation
dc.title Pathophysiological Basis of Acute Respiratory Failure on Non-Invasive Mechanical Ventilation
dc.type Article

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