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The ‘bother’ of obstructed defecation

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dc.contributor.author Alam, Pakeeza
dc.contributor.author Guzman, Rodrigo
dc.contributor.author Kamisan, Ixora
dc.contributor.author Robledo, Kristy
dc.contributor.author Dietz, Hans
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-25T14:15:00Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-25T14:15:00Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2017 Mar;49(3):394-397
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11447/1979
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.15828
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of visual analog scale (VAS) 'bother' scores for obstructed defecation (OD) with demographic data, physical examination and sonographic findings of the posterior compartment. METHODS: All patients seen at a urogynecology clinic between January and October 2013 were included. Patients were diagnosed with OD if they had any of the following: incomplete bowel emptying, straining with bowel movement or need for digitation. Patients used a VAS to rate OD bother on a scale of 0-10 (0, no bother; 10, worst imaginable bother). For each patient, a comprehensive history was obtained, the International Continence Society Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification was performed and four-dimensional translabial ultrasound volumes were recorded on maximal Valsalva maneuver. Linear and multiple regression models were used to correlate bother VAS scores with demographic, clinical and sonographic findings. RESULTS: Among 265 patients included in the analysis, 61% had OD symptoms with a mean VAS bother score of 5.6. OD bother scores were associated with a history of previous prolapse surgery (P = 0.0001), previous hysterectomy (P = 0.0006), descent of the posterior compartment (Bp; P = 0.004) and hiatal dimensions (Pb and Gh + Pb; P = 0.006 and P = 0.004). OD bother was associated with the following sonographic findings: true rectocele (P = 0.01), depth of rectocele (P = 0.04), descent of rectal ampulla (P = 0.02), enterocele (P = 0.03) and rectal intussusception (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: VAS bother scores are associated with both clinical and sonographic measures of posterior compartment descent. Rectal intussusception was most likely to result in highly bothersome symptoms of OD. Copyright © 2015 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
dc.format.extent 4
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher John Wiley & Sons
dc.subject obstructed defecation
dc.subject posterior compartment
dc.subject rectal intussusception
dc.subject rectocele
dc.subject translabial ultrasound
dc.subject visual analog scale
dc.title The ‘bother’ of obstructed defecation
dc.type Artículo


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