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Effect of lidocaine patches on upper trapezius EMG activity and pain intensity in patients with myofascial trigger points: a randomized clinical study

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dc.contributor.author Firmani, Monica
dc.contributor.author Miralles, Rodolfo
dc.contributor.author Casassus, Rodrigo
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-08T11:23:27Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-08T11:23:27Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.citation Acta Odontol Scand. 2015 Apr;73(3):210-8 es_CL
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.3109/00016357.2014.982704 es_CL
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11447/1206
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of 5% lidocaine patches and placebo patches on pain intensity and electromyographic (EMG) activity of an active myofascial trigger point (MTrP) of the upper trapezius muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients with a MTrP in the upper trapezius muscle were randomly divided into two groups: 20 patients received lidocaine patches (lidocaine group) and 16 patients received placebo patches (placebo group). They used the patches for 12 h each day, for 2 weeks. The patch was applied to the skin over the upper trapezius MTrP. Spontaneous pain, pressure pain thresholds, pain provoked by a 4-kg pressure applied to the MTrP and trapezius EMG activity were measured before and after treatment. RESULTS: Baseline spontaneous pain values were similar in both groups and significantly lower in the lidocaine group than the placebo group after treatment. The baseline pressure pain threshold was significantly lower in the lidocaine group, but after treatment it was significantly higher in this group. Baseline and final values of the pain provoked by a 4-kg pressure showed no significant difference between the groups. Baseline EMG activity at rest and during swallowing of saliva was significantly higher in the lidocaine group, but no significant difference was observed after treatment. Baseline EMG activity during maximum voluntary clenching was similar in both groups, but significantly higher in the lidocaine group after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These clinical and EMG results support the use of 5% lidocaine patches for treating patients with MTrP of the upper trapezius muscle. es_CL
dc.format.extent 9 es_CL
dc.language.iso en_US es_CL
dc.publisher Norstedts Förlag es_CL
dc.subject 5% lidocaine patches es_CL
dc.subject algometry es_CL
dc.subject electromyography es_CL
dc.subject myofascial pain es_CL
dc.subject trigger point es_CL
dc.title Effect of lidocaine patches on upper trapezius EMG activity and pain intensity in patients with myofascial trigger points: a randomized clinical study es_CL
dc.type Artículo es_CL


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