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Air Pollution and Hospitalization for Acute Complications of Diabetes in Chile

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dc.contributor.author Dales, Robert E.
dc.contributor.author Cakmak, Sabit
dc.contributor.author Blanco Vidal, Claudia
dc.contributor.author Rubio, María Angélica
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-22T17:24:21Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-22T17:24:21Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.citation Environment International, 2012, vol. 46, p. 1-5 es_CL
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2012.05.002 es_CL
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11447/848
dc.description.abstract Exposure to air pollution has been shown to cause insulin resistance in mice. To determine the relevance to humans, we tested the association between daily air pollution concentrations and daily hospitalization for acute serious complications of diabetes, coma and ketoacidosis, in Santiago between 2001 and 2008, using generalized linear models with natural splines to control for long term trends. For an interquartile range (IQR) increase in air pollutant, the relative risks (95% CI) of hospitalization for diabetes were: 1.15 (1.10, 1.20) for carbon monoxide (IQR = 1.00); 1.07 (0.98, 1.16) for ozone (IQR = 63.50); 1.14 (1.06, 1.22) for sulfur dioxide (IQR = 5.88); 1.12(1.05, 1.20) for nitrogen dioxide (IQR = 27.94); 1.11 (1.07, 1.15) for particulate matter <= 10 mu m diameter(IQR = 34.00); and 1.11 (1.06, 1.16) for fine particulate matter <= 2.5 mu m diameter (IQR = 18.50). Results were similar when stratified by age, sex and season. Air pollution appears to increase the risk of acute complications of diabetes requiring hospitalization, suggesting that improvements in air quality may reduce morbidity from diabetes. Crown Copyright (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. es_CL
dc.language.iso en_US es_CL
dc.subject Diabetes es_CL
dc.subject Air pollution es_CL
dc.subject Environment es_CL
dc.subject Epidemiology es_CL
dc.title Air Pollution and Hospitalization for Acute Complications of Diabetes in Chile es_CL
dc.type Artículo es_CL


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