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Effects of an Intervention to Promote Socioemotional Development in Terms of Attachment Security: a Study in Early Institutionalization in Chile

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dc.contributor.author Lecannelier A., Felipe
dc.contributor.author Silva, Jaime R.
dc.contributor.author Hoffmann, Marianela
dc.contributor.author Melo, Rolando
dc.contributor.author Morales, Raquel
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-25T00:18:26Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-25T00:18:26Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Infant Mental Health Journal, 2014, vol. 35, n° 2, p. 151-159 es_CL
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11447/330
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/imhj.21436
dc.description.abstract The Chilean government commissioned a quasi-experimental study with a pre-/postintervention design that had two general aims: (a) to assess infants’ psychoaffective developmental levels (pre-intervention phase) and (b) to evaluate whether an intervention based on the promotion of socioemotional development modifies the infant's psychoaffective development. Sixty-two institutionalized infants and their alternative caregivers were evaluated at a pre-intervention stage. An intervention then took place, with the caregivers trained according to an “attachment sensitivity manual.” Results showed normal ranges of psychomotor development (64% normal, 9% delayed) and a very high frequency of attachment insecurity, as compared to the normative population (53%).The intervention significantly improved social orientation and object orientation as well as activity and reactivity levels. We conclude that although institutionalized infants in Chile do not exhibit high levels of atypical attachment, socioemotional deterioration may lead to vulnerability in present and future development. Finally, the scope of this study affected public policies regarding children, initiating a change to a foster family system and a variety of modifications in the strategies for adopting institutionalized infants. es_CL
dc.language.iso en_US es_CL
dc.subject Social development es_CL
dc.subject Institutionalized persons es_CL
dc.subject Psychology of movement es_CL
dc.subject Infants es_CL
dc.subject Caregivers es_CL
dc.title Effects of an Intervention to Promote Socioemotional Development in Terms of Attachment Security: a Study in Early Institutionalization in Chile es_CL
dc.type Artículo es_CL


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