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Predicting Posttraumatic Stress Symptom Prevalence and Local Distribution after an Earthquake with Scarce Data

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dc.contributor.author Dussaillant, Francisca
dc.contributor.author Apablaza, Mauricio
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-09T19:42:22Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-09T19:42:22Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Prehospital and Disaster Medicine. 2017; vol32, n° 4, pp.357–367. es_CL
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X17000206 es_CL
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11447/1735
dc.description.abstract After a major earthquake, the assignment of scarce mental health emergency personnel to different geographic areas is crucial to the effective management of the crisis. The scarce information that is available in the aftermath of a disaster may be valuable in helping predict where are the populations that are in most need. The objectives of this study were to derive algorithms to predict posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptom prevalence and local distribution after an earthquake and to test whether there are algorithms that require few input data and are still reasonably predictive. A rich database of PTS symptoms, informed after Chile’s 2010 earthquake and tsunami, was used. Several model specifications for the mean and centiles of the distribution of PTS symptoms, together with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) prevalence, were estimated via linear and quantile regressions. The models varied in the set of covariates included. Adjusted R2 for the most liberal specifications (in terms of numbers of covariates included) ranged from 0.62 to 0.74, depending on the outcome. When only including peak ground acceleration (PGA), poverty rate, and household damage in linear and quadratic form, predictive capacity was still good (adjusted R2 from 0.59 to 0.67 were obtained). Information about local poverty, household damage, and PGA can be used as an aid to predict PTS symptom prevalence and local distribution after an earthquake. This can be of help to improve the assignment of mental health personnel to the affected localities. es_CL
dc.format.extent 10 p. es_CL
dc.language.iso en_US es_CL
dc.subject Chile es_CL
dc.subject Disaster relief es_CL
dc.subject Earthquake es_CL
dc.subject Natural disaster es_CL
dc.subject Posttraumatic stress es_CL
dc.title Predicting Posttraumatic Stress Symptom Prevalence and Local Distribution after an Earthquake with Scarce Data es_CL
dc.type Artículo es_CL


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